Despite the fact that the Constitution of the United States of America does not expressly guarantee the right to privacy, it is universally acknowledged as one of the fundamental rights of a person. However, the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America secures freedom of expression and freedom of the press. Therefore, there appears a conflict over these rights, and the balance between them is very unsteady.
Nowadays one can notice the drastic change in peopleā??s attitude towards privacy. People tend to share a considerable amount of personal information in social networks. Today it is perfectly possible to trace a personā??s relatives, friends, address, and phone number as well as to create a psychological portrait based on the individual likes, dislikes and statements, expressed, for example, in a personal blog. However, despite the modern trend to share personal information, there are still some areas of private life that people want to protect. As a rule, public persons, with the exception of some celebrities such as actors or models, are less inclined to expose their personal lives.
Public persons draw a lot of attention due to peopleā??s natural curiosity. Most people are interested in learning new information even if it does not concern them. Thus, no matter how insignificant new facts about famous people are, they create widespread public debate, giving ordinary people food for thoughts and topics for communication. As a consequence, the increasing demand for all kinds of information is the cause of the development of mass media industries. To satisfy the demand for news, the press tends to use every possible means of acquiring information even if the ethical aspect is doubtful. Therefore, sometimes, individuals abuse freedom of the press in order to give the audience some sensational or scandalous facts. In most cases, such abuse is manifested through the publication of public people photos without their knowledge and consent, their phone calls wiretap or the use of drones to spy on them from above.
Nowadays there is a diffused opinion that famous people are not entitled to a personal life because they are not able to hide from the public gaze, enjoying the benefits of fame. However, as any other people, celebrities have the right to protect their privacy. In fact, these people require more protection from the media than people who are less involved in the public life. One of the reasons why public people should be more concerned about their privacy is the fact that they take much higher risks than ordinary people since their recognition, success and lives can be destroyed. History knew many examples when someone revealed facts that ruined peopleā??s careers in a blink of an eye. For example, political careers of Bill Clinton and Dominique Strauss-Kahn took a serious hit after the world had learned some piquant facts they wanted to hide. In this way, journalists are known to play the indispensable role in exposing abuses of power. Therefore, when a public person commits a crime, freedom of the press renders a valuable service to the society, preventing the concealment of a crime.
Another reason why public people need better protection of their privacy is the possible threat to their health and lives from mentally unstable people. Celebrities draw immense attention that is why there is a higher risk for them to become targets of stalkers or other types of obsessive fans or envious people. For that reason, public people have to spend a considerable amount of money for security service as well as to transform their houses into fortresses. However, sometimes, these measures cannot prevent the tragedy, as evidenced, for example, by the deaths of John Lennon or Princess Diane.
No matter how popular a person is, there are always areas of life that the person wants to protect from the public. Freedom of the press is the essential democratic right; however, it conflicts with the peopleā??s right to privacy. The press often invades personal lives, hence threatening the personā??s safety and causing many other troubles. In this regard, those people who are often in the public gaze should be more protected from undesired attention. The press must realize the consequences of privacy exposure and be prepared to take responsibility for their deeds.
About the author: Jessica Sanders is a bachelor in English philology and sociology at California University. Jessica is currently working as one of the best writers at https://essayswriters.com She also studies feminine psychology.