Create an Account CourseStreet Log in  Connect with Facebook
Home Blog

NRSC 2100 Blog


« return

June 28, 2019

Who Owns Your Body Parts? by Kerry Howley

Who Owns Your Body Parts? by Kerry Howley
Organ transplantation as a treatment for severe patients is of great social importance since it can not only prolong life, but also ensure its higher quality. The most common type of human tissues transplantation is removal of organs and (or) tissues from a dead body. However, this type of transplantation also creates the great variety of issues, the most important of which is the appearance of money problem, i.e. the unfair allocation of finances in the donor-intermediary-recipient chain. In 2007, Kerry Howley in her article Who Owns Your Body? presented a comprehensive research on where from and where to the transplantation industry money goes, and what the donors (or their relatives) get from the tissue donation. The results were astonishing the donors in most cases receive nothing. Here, the real problem is that the donors relatives are blinded by their grief and funeral-related problems to such an extent that they forget to pay proper attention to the financial side of the donation, as well as to follow the destination of the tissue.
Howley did a great job studying the economic side of tissue donation. She tells a story of Alistair Cooke body, which was dissected for bones removal for the transplantation purposes. Obviously, bone tissue was removed illegally, without the recipient (his daughter, in this case) permission. The author claims that Cookes case is not nearly unique. The funeral business of removing body tissues and even utilizing the whole bodies has very furcate structure. Michael Mastromarino, who is to be blamed in this case, sold the Cookes bone to biotech industry companies that earn fortunes from every corpse coming into their hands. In fact, Mastomatino played a tiny role in the human tissue market. It is a multibillion industry involving both huge biotechnical companies and laboratories and funeral industries all over the world.
The Cookes story was only a trigger point for an international scandal. The fact the human tissues are used for bioengineering primarily undercover, i.e. without the recipients permission, opened a financial side of the question. Usually, the donor does not know where to his/her tissues are going. Indeed, one will doubt to give an organ to transform it into someones enlarged lips or the piece of synthetic skin for phalloplasty. In addition, the big concern is that the human body will become only the set of spare parts if the recipient will know the price of this or that tissue. That is why modern legislation carefully regulates the matter even changing the economic language of transplantation market. Meanwhile, the market is growing, and profits are rising.
The point raised by Howley is of especial importance nowadays. From the time the article was written, the transplantation market had only grown, and the issue of financial gain from tissue removal became even more acute. Problems of transplantation, as the fight against organized crime, drugs, or terrorism, are beyond one state. Transplantation becomes the sphere of international cooperation and is of interest for international organizations. It is true especially concerning the issue of dead body usage for bioengineering purposes. The main problem here is that the relatives are not even informed that some tissues are removed from their family member's body. However, in someone's nursing home essay I have seen this information.
Perhaps, what really surprises is the answer of authorities. The first rule of the tissue market is don't talk about the tissue market. In other words, they do not want to face the fact that tissue market exists beyond the desired boundaries and prefer to change names than really regulate it. Obviously, changing names in the tissue industry does partly help the relatives to overcome the grief and console themselves after the loss. On the other side, renaming does not change the essence of the matter. Using human tissues for marketing does exist, and some steps should be taken towards its regulation. It is obvious that existing legislation is not able to cope with expanding financial empire of human tissue use for bioengineering.
The other side of this coin is that knowing the prices and destinations may lead to uncontrolled consequences. For example, Howley claims, many bioethicists worry that payment will create a two-tiered system, in which the bodies of the poor are repurposed to serve the rich, and she is right. Knowing the price for the body parts may become the only way for the poor to earn money. It is much easier to sell a kidney (knowing that a person can live with one) or skin for a huge sum of money than to work hard and earn scantily. Knowing that the majority of tissues turn into cosmetics and other commercialized spheres and being familiar with the prices, the sold tissues by poor people would become the raw material or spare parts for the rich.
In conclusion, speaking about the whole industry of tissue transplantation it is clear that the purpose of its creation was positive and no one can deny that tissue donation has saved and is saving many lives and served as research material, helping scientists to make steps towards the treatment of complex diseases. On the other side, as many things in the modern world, the initial useful purpose turned into an instrument to earn money. Hiding behind the noble purpose of tissue donation, they make money on dead people and their relatives, infringing their rights and limiting their freedom of choice. Kerry Howley exemplified only one case of illegal tissue usage. However, the schemes employed in tissue market are far more complicated and, unfortunately, involve great variety of people that are related to the medicine in this or that way.
Posted by      Lilia R. at 5:30 AM MDT
Tags: research


  Lachlan C.  says:
One World Rental have work environments arranged when all is said in done areas to significantly send clients' event progress things including all rent laptop short term and wifi use services.Our express event staff will get in contact at the event zone and completely setup everything with event wifi things and give close-by getting ready and thought help for the extent of the event.
Posted on Sun, 30 Jun 2019 10:42 PM MDT by Lachlan C.
  Hayat A.  says:
There are 8 organs that can be given: the liver, lungs, heart, kidneys, pancreas and small digestive tract. Your tissues can likewise improve the Dubai experts plumber personal satisfaction for some evil individuals; the tissues you can give are your skin, corneas, bone tissue including ligaments and ligament, heart valves and veins.
Posted on Sun, 7 Jul 2019 2:47 AM MDT by Hayat A.
  Anthony A.  says:
I got very useful information about the Living-Donor Donation when I asked to write my assignment by AssignmentAce for the biology topic. One single organ can save or improve more than eight lives. Anyone can be a potential donor regardless of medical history, race or age. He or she may be at least of 18 years and have a blood type compatible with the receiver??s blood type.
Posted on Tue, 9 Jul 2019 4:26 AM MDT by Anthony A.
  jessamine z.  says:
Posted on Thu, 8 Aug 2019 12:27 AM MDT by jessamine z.
  Pamela T.  says:
Well articulated! Do you know that Free Tarot Reading Online Accurate can help you in unfolding the different aspects of your life? Go ahead and start reading now!
Posted on Thu, 26 Sep 2019 7:17 AM MDT by Pamela T.
  Pamela T.  says:
It is nicely written! Do you know about Vasya Gun Milan Test? It can help you to find compatibility and see if the vibes match or not?
Posted on Mon, 30 Sep 2019 6:36 AM MDT by Pamela T.
  john s.  says:
Really a great addition. I have read this marvelous post. After reading your post i got to know masters dissertation writing services is best choice for my all academic writings.
Posted on Mon, 28 Oct 2019 12:44 AM MDT by john s.
  amanda k.  says:
Academic Writer UK is an online uni assignment help service provider. We are best assignment help online across the world.
Posted on Mon, 11 Nov 2019 1:39 AM MST by amanda k.
  Innovana T.  says:
I love this snake vs block game for the music and the graphical features. Its easy to navigate and thrills you with challenges
Posted on Mon, 11 Nov 2019 10:56 PM MST by Innovana T.
  Android G.  says:
Great article! Are you searching for the best arcade games android? You may try Snake Beats game!
Posted on Wed, 13 Nov 2019 3:57 AM MST by Android G.
  bedoper b.  says:
Great informative blog and I like the knowledge you put in it, I recommend everyone to read nasdag blog.Thanks for sharing that post with us. I like the way you have presented facts to argue out your case
Posted on Fri, 22 Nov 2019 3:26 AM MST by bedoper b.
  jeniffer s.  says:
If you want to write animation??or if you just want to produce or direct it??it??s important to know the difference between live action and animation writing. Animation stories are developed pretty much the same as in live action. You come up with a concept, sometimes called true classic you can see more @, describing the basic beginning, middle and end of the story. The next stage is an outline, laying out each scene, including action and gags. The final step is the script, with full scene description and dialogue. The script form in animation is virtually identical to live action. It??s the differences that are important to understand.
Posted on Fri, 22 Nov 2019 4:30 AM MST by jeniffer s.
  Alyssa H.  says:
I??m more than happy to discover this website. I want to thank you for your time for this particularly wonderful read!! I definitely liked every part of this website and i also have you saved as a favorite to see new information on your website. Dear Author I am also a blogger, writing on different topics. If you want to read my popular articles, please check - 7StarHD Download HD Movies
Posted on Thu, 28 Nov 2019 4:34 AM MST by Alyssa H.
  zaiya m.  says:
nice.. click here
Posted on Sun, 1 Dec 2019 11:44 PM MST by zaiya m.
  zaiya m.  says:
Nice work. I like how the author criticizes the positive and negative aspects of organ transplantation. I also agree with the author since today it is turned to a way of making money. top flats and apartments in Kochi Therefore we should take the necessary actions to control this.
Posted on Mon, 2 Dec 2019 5:02 AM MST by zaiya m.
  williom e.  says:
Your search for top 10 free android games ends at You may find detail of the amazing games!
Posted on Tue, 10 Dec 2019 1:45 AM MST by williom e.
  jack h.  says:
A great article i would say, you have posted a great contribution to the community, but for more accuracy i have visited assignment writing UK, therefore would recommend all the participants to visit.
Posted on Fri, 13 Dec 2019 4:16 AM MST by jack h.
  amara s.  says:
thanks for this informative post. If you are looking for online assignment helper then Great Assignment Help is always ready to help their customers at affordable price. To gather more information, inbox us or browse our web pages at any time.
assignment help online
assignment helper uk
assignment helper
Posted on Sat, 21 Dec 2019 2:17 AM MST by amara s.
  Dennis H.  says:
Amazing post! I really liked the shared information from the author. Read your Rashifal to explore more possibilities.
Posted on Wed, 8 Jan 2020 2:50 AM MST by Dennis H.
  charlly k.  says:
Organ donation is a process in which a person willingly donates an organ of his body to another person. Furthermore, it is the process of allowing the removal of one??s organ for its transplanting in another person. real estate hdr photo editing services
Posted on Mon, 13 Jan 2020 4:37 AM MST by charlly k.
  joan m.  says:
Any student placing Actuarial Science Research Paper and Actuarial Science Coursework Writing Services order with our custom writing company is assured of receiving Custom Actuarial Science Writing Services that is 100% unique.
Posted on Mon, 20 Jan 2020 6:00 AM MST by joan m.
  joan m.  says:
It is undisputed that Custom Accounting Writing Services pose challenges for students because preparation takes into consideration a lot of details needed for Professional Accounting Writing Services and in-depth knowledge on the topic in order to come up with a Perfect Accounting Custom Term Paper.
Posted on Mon, 20 Jan 2020 6:01 AM MST by joan m.
  joan m.  says:
Through our experts, we offer all kinds of Agriculture Writing Services Online and Agriculture Studies Writing Services to suit the need of every student when they are given any Agriculture Coursework Writing Services.
Posted on Mon, 20 Jan 2020 6:01 AM MST by joan m.
  joan m.  says:
When students seek our Online Biology Writing Services from us, they are assured to receive Custom Biology Writing Services that meets all their writing needs and Legit Biology Writing Services one that has been written following all the instructions.
Posted on Mon, 20 Jan 2020 6:01 AM MST by joan m.
  joan m.  says:
Criminology Writing Services has become a significant challenge owing to the complexity of these Custom Criminology Essay Writing Services and in other cases lack of time and knowledge needed to complete Criminology Research Paper Writing Services.
Posted on Mon, 20 Jan 2020 6:01 AM MST by joan m.
  Treat Assignment H.  says:
Get Assignment Writing Help, Essay Writing Services, Dissertation Help, Assignment Help England at Affordable Prices. Our Writers Providing Plagiarism-free Academic Paper Writing Services Around You. Ge tLaw Assignment Help in UK by expert academic writers. Our assignment helpers aim to provide 100% plagiarism free assignment help. Our approach to the core values helped us from being the most promising online assignment help to the student??s favorite assignment help in UK. Contact us today & get Reasonable pricing quotation. Contact us by email at: and our experts will contact as soon as possible. Call us at Toll Free Number Or Whatsapp at: +44 7520644027 ..!!
Posted on Wed, 22 Jan 2020 1:40 AM MST by Treat Assignment H.
  Alisah W.  says:
Students who are searching for History Homework Help Online in the United Kingdom, they can get in touch with experts immediately without wasting time. We will be assured that you get 100% genuine and authentic Assignment Help Service at a reasonable price. You can us at +44-7480-542904.
Posted on Wed, 22 Jan 2020 3:23 AM MST by Alisah W.
  Tanu S.  says:
I am deeply attracted by your post. It is really a nice and informative one. I will recommend it to my friends. Also, you can read this: Kissanime
Posted on Fri, 24 Jan 2020 5:21 AM MST by Tanu S.
  ali f.  says:
Posted on Sun, 26 Jan 2020 7:40 PM MST by ali f.
  Demi P.  says:
You have been sharing beneficial things with us. This article is so informed. You should think about collecting and sharing information on the Couchtuner movies . I??m sure this will help many users.
Posted on Mon, 27 Jan 2020 3:44 AM MST by Demi P.
  Lucia M.  says: - Norton security program can secure either one device or up to ten devices and keep the whole network safe from malware such as worms, spyware, rootkits, etc. For getting Norton Setup, visit 
McAfee provides real-time protection while also optimizing the system??s performance. You can get it all done by quickly downloading, installing and activating McAfee antivirus on your system via visiting -Office provides several advanced features and an updated version of popular applications like Word, Excel, and PowerPoint. You can create excellent presentations, enhanced statistics and great-looking charts with the help of  Office. Visit  to get the enhanced services of Office installed on your PC .  
Posted on Mon, 27 Jan 2020 5:54 AM MST by Lucia M.
  Anny B.  says:
GotoAssignmenthelp Service is a well-established and prominent name in providing high-Assignment Help online online to students since almost a decade. You can trust our academic ghostwriters completely to get best quality write-ups including case studies, research proposals, dissertations and thesis, and more. It is the best " target="_blank">"> Assignment Help Oman service. Students should always keep themselves ready to meet the university requirements in order to achieve good grades, moreover, they prefer attending lengthy classes instead of writing assignments. Students who are not comfortable with writing assignments can avail university " target="_blank">"> finance assignment help at Gotoassignmenthelp Services comparatively low prices.
Posted on Tue, 28 Jan 2020 12:40 AM MST by Anny B.
  Ammie J.  says:
Being an academic writer from past 5 years providing assignment help to college and university students also associated with Myassignmenthelp platform. I am dedicated in providing best online academic writing services to the college students at the affordable rates.
Posted on Sat, 1 Feb 2020 5:50 AM MST by Ammie J.
  jack j.  says:
Are you facing problems while signing-in at your Roadrunner email? you can get all basic information like email login, how to recover a email account & How to create an email account? You can also talk with Live experts for all your needs from email to login, technical questions, mobile email, and more? Call our helpline number to fix your Roadrunner email problems now!
Posted on Fri, 7 Feb 2020 3:15 PM MST by jack j.
  Dissertation U.  says:
MBA students have the busiest routine life, as most of the students work full time and are unable to complete the desired task in a timely manner. Our professional dissertation writing services with our experienced and professional team help you out with quality work at affordable prices.
Posted on Sun, 9 Feb 2020 11:01 PM MST by Dissertation U.
  jessica c.  says:
I like the valuable information you provide in your articles. I really appreciate your work. For more info click here Bit Guardian Parental Control.
Posted on Mon, 17 Feb 2020 5:15 AM MST by jessica c.
  helen c.  says:
Accounting studies makes things slightly more complicated, requiring students to be skilled in both math and legal studies as well.Accounting homework help These are two very different types of studies and most people lean towards one more than the other ?? either they are good at math and physics, or they are good and memorizing things (law, history, etc.). Because accounting requires so much, many students drop out.
Posted on Mon, 17 Feb 2020 11:39 PM MST by helen c.
  Amaya J.  says:
After introducing the company background, students could be asked to describe all the influencing factors contributing in the demand in the market and to draw a supply curve for the firm??s patented technology or any other services mentioned therein.Economics Assignment Help
Posted on Mon, 17 Feb 2020 11:43 PM MST by Amaya J.
  joan m.  says:
Any student in need of Religion & Theology Writing Services and Online Religion Writing Services order with our custom writing company is assured of receiving excellent Custom Theology Writing Help Services that is 100% unique.
Posted on Wed, 19 Feb 2020 1:20 AM MST by joan m.
  Essay U.  says:
Most students are unable to understand the requirement of the task. We have the best essay writers who are exceedingly qualified and experienced enough to provide you the best quality result with plagiarism-free content. To avail, our economical & professional essay writing help contact us at
Posted on Wed, 19 Feb 2020 4:29 AM MST by Essay U.
  Alyssa H.  says:
Hello Admin,
Awesome Blog, That is a really good tip particularly to those fresh to the blogosphere.
Simple but very precise info? Thanks for sharing your valuable information. A must-read post! I am also writing the latest news articles on the Entertainment category. If you are interested to read one of my best article then please read it - tamilrockers
Posted on Mon, 24 Feb 2020 5:01 AM MST by Alyssa H.
  Sophie M.  says:
Je voudrais lire à ce sujet plus. Prompt, ce que la littérature pour étudier? colleges in texass
Posted on Thu, 5 Mar 2020 4:41 AM MST by Sophie M.
  Assignment H.  says:
My Assignment help is the most preferred place to get assignment help Australia services where we offer 100% plagiarism free and money back guarantee ensuring complete satisfaction of students with every order. Our subject-specific experts are available 24x7 to provide properly formatted and referenced solutions in any subject from any level in Australian universities.
Posted on Mon, 16 Mar 2020 12:51 AM MDT by Assignment H.
  adam h.  says:
Are you not getting satisfactory marks in your coursework? All you need is coursework help to enhance your prospect of earning more grades and impressing your teachers with the quality task. coursework helpers see to it that you get customized coursework writing help along with a plethora of other features. We provide quality professional coursework writing service in the UK at the lowest price so that all the students can avail our coursework help uk.
Posted on Thu, 19 Mar 2020 5:14 AM MDT by adam h.
  Zoya S.  says:
Such intelligent work on the subject and ideal way of writing here. I am really impressed! This post is a helpful overview of the particular topic and very actionable.

Primary School Tutor
Posted on Fri, 22 May 2020 6:37 AM MDT by Zoya S.
  Sonia C.  says:
I don't want anyone to own my body parts, even after death. I don't want even to think of it. Some people make a choice to devote their life and body to science. I don't belong to them. I dedicate my life to writing. I always liked writing essays at school and different kinds of writings in the university. I also was a regular author for student newspaper. Take a look on magazine article writing I wrote for Feel free to share your opinion.
Posted on Fri, 12 Jun 2020 1:11 PM MDT by Sonia C.
  william s.  says:
Traveling with Southwest Airlines, your ultra-low-cost air carrier can be lower than it is right now. You must be wondering is that even possible! But with Southwest Airlines Phone Number it is possible. Our team can get you great deals and offers on your bookings to any destinations served by Southwest Airlines.
Posted on Mon, 22 Jun 2020 6:06 AM MDT by william s.
  william s.  says:
By providing exclusive deals, special offers and never-ending discounts on the flight tickets through Sun Country Phone Number, we are here to help our customers to lead an easy and pocket-friendly journey. With our experienced team in the field of flight booking amd ticketing, we will guide you any time before, during or after the journey.
Posted on Mon, 22 Jun 2020 6:20 AM MDT by william s.
  william s.  says:
Behind every excellent service, there is a fantastic team working together to make everything as pleasant as possible. Our experts at Air China Airlines Official Site serve our customers to the best and are available 24/7 to solve all sorts of queries related to flights. Just dial our toll-free number, and talk to our experts about anything that you??re looking up to.
Posted on Mon, 22 Jun 2020 6:31 AM MDT by william s.
  william s.  says:
lufthansa airlines offers best of its services to all its travellers no matter they are traveling in economy, first, or business class. we are available for all our fliers 24x7. for assistance, call us at our toll-free lufthansa phone number.
Posted on Mon, 22 Jun 2020 6:38 AM MDT by william s.
  william s.  says:
The Flights of Air China are specially personalized as per the needs of the passengers. We know, Reserving tickets for yours trip has now become an easy task. Air China Phone Number has helps you in booking tickets. We can get you affordable bookings for all travel classes both economic and business classes.
Posted on Mon, 22 Jun 2020 6:46 AM MDT by william s.
  Amara S.  says:
Do you know that Lufthansa Airlines Phone Number offer is very amazing for your travel moments if you are searching for the flight ticket with safe and secure just talk to toll-free number? Life is travel therefore don??t be waste time catch your time and doing travel with Lufthansa Airlines.
Posted on Tue, 23 Jun 2020 1:50 AM MDT by Amara S.
  Emma S.  says:
Allegiant Airlines is your personal travel buddy. Allegiant Airlines Customer Service all-over world-famous airlines due to their offer and deals. Book your honeymoon plan with cheapest cost it??s a time to travel with Allegiant Airlines.
Posted on Tue, 23 Jun 2020 2:42 AM MDT by Emma S.
  Jacob O.  says:
Different experts have different views about our body movement because some consider our body is controlled by our heart while some think that heart controls our body but reality is that our mind controls our body because it is the main and important part of our body. Master dissertation writing service.
Posted on Sun, 28 Jun 2020 11:53 PM MDT by Jacob O.
  Jenna H.  says:
Hello guys want to join your conversation here, just telling about really useful writing platform. Nowadays teachers think that with their 2 hours lecture student can be expert in their field, but its not possible. They give loads of assignments to their students without thinking of how would they manage their jobs. Ignoreing the practical learning students are pressurized to do writing assignments. Therefore, essay empire writing service is the best at providing customized essays and different coursework help for students so that they can easily focus on their practical learning. When you work with that service you also get massive discounts, and 24/7 customer support that's always there to help you out in your terrible academic time.
Posted on Tue, 30 Jun 2020 3:27 AM MDT by Jenna H.
  Linnea S.  says:
We are there for you 24*7 at our helpdesk to make your journey even more comfortable. Calling our Etihad Airways Manage Booking for get advantages offer at cheapest price. More info:
Posted on Tue, 7 Jul 2020 11:16 PM MDT by Linnea S.
  Linnea S.  says:
We are there for you 24*7 at our helpdesk to make your journey even more comfortable. Calling our Etihad Airways Manage Booking for get advantages offer at cheapest price.
Posted on Tue, 7 Jul 2020 11:16 PM MDT by Linnea S.
  smith m.  says:
Thanks for the great post you posted. I like the way you describe the unique content. The points you raise are valid and reasonable. I am a tech support expert telling you about
turbotax login | | | Asus router support
Posted on Wed, 8 Jul 2020 1:04 AM MDT by smith m.
  Treat Assignment H.  says:
Treatassignmenthelp is team of leading professional writers for Assignment Writing Services to students all around the world. Contact us Today for Best Essay Writing Services at very affordable price. Under TreatAssignmentHelp we provide many types of help to the students. We are the most reliable assignment helpers. We have gained our specialization after spending most of our times in making ourselves perfect. We providing 100% plagiarism free Assignment Help.
Posted on Wed, 8 Jul 2020 4:24 AM MDT by Treat Assignment H.
  Zoya S.  says:
You made some good points there! I looked on the internet for the subject and found most individuals will consent with your website!

Online Tutors
Posted on Wed, 8 Jul 2020 8:15 AM MDT by Zoya S.

Want to post a comment? Please Log in or Create an Account.

 Copyright © 2007-2016 Don Cooper, Ph.D.. All rights reserved.